Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) can sense pathogen DNA and CpG ODN or even self-DNA by trafficking assisted
by Unc93B1, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane protein, from ER to endolysosomes or cell surface. In previous
study, we found that an oligodeoxynucleotide with CCT repeats (SAT05f) could selectively inhibit TLR7/9 activation.
However, the mechanism for the inhibitory activity of SAT05f is still unknown. In present research, it was found that
SAT05f could inhibit CpG ODN-induced the intracellular trafficking of TLR9 and Unc93B1 with feedback the responses
of decreased surface TLR9 and enhanced TLR9 mRNA expression but not influence TLR9 protein level by using human
plasmacytoid dendritic cell line CAL-1 cells, suggesting that SAT05f inhibits TLR9 activation by restraining TLR9 trafficking.
Since the mitochondrial DNA released from injured tissue can cause systemic inflammatory response syndrome
(SIRS), this study may provide valuable data for prevention and treatment of SIRS and rescue severe trauma patients.