An incidence of overall oral sequelae in leukemic children of 54% has been reported in the literature. Oral complications include mucositis, fungal and viral infections, salivary gland hypofunction, dental caries, and others. Mucositis accounts for the most common complication followed by fungal infections and viral infections. It has also been reported that the quality of life of these children is affected. Dental healthcare professionals play a very important role in assessing the patient’s oral health needs before, during, and after cancer therapy. A multidisciplinary approach between the medical and dental team will help prevent, stabilize, and treat the oral and dental problems at an early stage. This paper reviews briefly the oral health problems in leukemic children as well as dental considerations and recommendations for optimal oral health care.
Keywords: Cancer therapy, childhood cancer, dental problems, leukemia, oral complications, oral health.
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