The Medical Lives of History`s Famous People

Indexed in: EBSCO

This eBook “ Medical Lives of History`s Famous People” highlights the consequences of numerous medical concerns of historical individuals. It also discusses in depth how the public lives of ...
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Louis Brailleʼs Gift to the Visually Impaired

Pp. 160-163 (4)

William James Maloney

Abstract

Louis Braille was born in France in the early 1800ʼs. Braille suffered an accident in his fatherʼs workshop which severely damaged one of his eyes. An infection ensued and spread to the other eye causing the child to become completely blind by the age of five. As a young man, Braille developed a system of reading and writing for the blind and visually impaired. He based his system on a highly imperfect system of night reading developed by the French military. Today Brailleʼs system is accepted and implemented worldwide.

Keywords:

Accidents, contracted braille, diabetes, diagnosis, French military, glaucoma, intraocular pressure, macular degeneration, optic disc cupping, systemic disease, uncontracted braille, vision.

Affiliation:

New York University College of Dentistry 345 First Avenue New York NY 10010 USA.