p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPK, p38) consist of 4 subunits: p38α, p38β, p38γ and p38δ. They play a well-recognized role in regulating intracellular signaling transduction in mammalian cells. p38 MAPK induces
a variety of intracellular responses associated with neuropathic pain and other chronic pain. Thus, specific targeting
p38 MAPK molecule and its signaling pathway represent potential therapeutic strategies for pain management. Based on
the understanding of the crystal structure, biological functions and its signaling pathway of p38 MAPK, chemically synthesized
p38 MAPK inhibitors have become available. Natural products and biological components may also serve as potential
p38 MAPK inhibitors. To this end, we will evaluate their potential for chronic pain management.