Short Review: Green Trends in Insect Control Edited by O Lopez and J. G. Fernandez- Bolanos

Author(s): Gyorgy Keglevich

Journal Name: Current Green Chemistry

Volume 1 , Issue 3 , 2014

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This book forming the 11th part of the RSC Green Chemistry Series discusses the present approaches for insect pest control as green alternatives to the classical and generally more toxic agrochemicals. The first chapter contains the fundamentals of entomology, especially of the insects (mosquitoes, biting midges, flies, fleas and lice) causing diseases (malaria, typhus, lymphatic filariasis, dengue, hemorrhagic fevers and certain encephalitis) by microbial pathogens. The discussion of the mode of action of insecticides allows for the design of up-to-date and more efficient compounds. The second chapter gives a historical account of the classical insecticides that are mostly non-green and should be replaced. The three major groups, organochlorine, organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides are reviewed critically in the light of the recommendations and restrictions of the European Union Committees and the World Health Organization. The next two chapters are devoted to the discussion of the more developed insecticides, such as pyrethroids and neonicotinoids that are much greener than the above shown classical agents due to their low mammalian toxicity. The advantages of these up-to-date insecticides place them as promising pesticides of the future for domestic use or in the agriculture. Up-to-date information is released on the mode of action of insecticides, and the toxicity and environmental impacts are also discussed for all kinds of insecticides included in this book. Chapters 5 and 6 describe the recent developments at Dow Agro-Chemicals. The first group embraces spinosyns, macrocyclic lactones that were discovered ca. 25 years ago. The agents belonging to this group are green, on the one hand, in terms of the production process (fermentation and semi-synthesis), and on the other hand, in terms of environmental behaviour. The other group includes bisacylhydrazines belonging to the non-steroidal family of insect growth regulators that are again up-to-date insecticides. The use of botanical extracts as insecticides is discussed in the next chapter. Their market is rather limited (~1%), but their importance is significant. Chapter 8 gives an overview on the production of insecticides from microbial sources (viruses, bacteria, fungi, etc.), and the utilization of genetically-modified organisms is also discussed. Finally, the principles of the Integrated Pest Management programmes are summarized, according to which the use of synthetic pesticides must be reduced, while the pest populations should be maintained at an acceptable level. An important issue is the intensification of crops meaning the appropriate selection of plant species utilizing bioengineered crops. The recent advances in insecticide control are well summarized and are of interest for agrochemists, biochemists, chemists, chemical engineers, biologists and toxicologists. The book may also be useful in academia to utilize its up-to-date knowledge in the training of students.

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Article Details

Year: 2014
Published on: 03 September, 2014
Page: [273 - 273]
Pages: 1
DOI: 10.2174/221334610103140903123819
Price: $25

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