Combined Surgical Approaches in Class III Malocclusion
Pp. 259-305 (47)
Young Class III patients with deficient maxilla can be treated with maxillary
orthopedic appliances such as the facemask. Patients with an over-developed mandible
require orthodontics, in combination with orthognathic surgery to correct the underlying
skeletal and dental discrepancy, after growth is completed. For Class III patients,
craniofacial morphology varies among different racial groups and it is important to
understand the cephalometric characteristics of these different ethnic groups. For example,
in Northeast Asian countries such as Korea and Japan, there are more Class III patients
with mandibular excess rather than maxillary deficiency, compared to the Caucasian
populations. In treatment planning for orthognathic surgery, 3-dimensional analysis using
CBCT provides more detailed information than a conventional 2-dimensional
cephalogram. Also, for orthognathic surgery patients, laser scanning may show
3-dimenisonal information on soft tissue as well as hard tissue changes. Therefore, soft
tissue changes in facial profile as well as mid-facial area can be quantitatively calculated.
The best orthognathic surgery cases result from a close interaction with the oral surgeon
and a well planned pre-surgical orthodontic phase. This can simplify the orthognathic
surgical plan and result in good long-term stability. In this chapter, 3-dimensional analysis
of the hard and soft tissue will be introduced for both pre- and post-surgical consideration
of Class III patients treated by combined orthodontics/orthognathic surgery.
Orthognathic surgery, 3D CT, Laser Scanning, 3D analysis, Presurgical
Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, 50 YONSEI-RO SEODAE MUN KU, Seoul, South Korea.