In this article we define and describe the use of exposure-based therapy for OCD. This approach involves
confrontation with feared stimulus with the aim of facilitating fear extinction. Exposure, however, is not applicable for a
number of psychological conditions now listed as related to OCD in the DSM-5. We explain when it is appropriate to use
exposure and when it is not, and raise cautions for clinicians to consider when working with patients with problems
putatively related to OCD.
Keywords: Body dysmorphic disorder, exposure therapy, hair pulling, hoarding, obsessive-compulsive disorder, skin picking.
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