Achilles tendon injuries are common but complex in nature. Healing occurs via scar tissue formation
leading to poor patient outcomes. Currently surgical and non-surgical treatment leads to suboptimal tendon
healing and has complications. Tissue engineering is an advancing field that can either augment surgical
repair or provide an alternative method for Achilles tendon repair. This article will explore the principles behind tissue
engineering in Achilles tendon repair. Furthermore it will describe the current literature regarding the different types of
stem cells used in Achilles tendon repair, how different growth factors augment tendon repair, as well as the role of biomaterials
in tissue engineering.
Keywords: Achilles tendon, growth factors, stem cells, tissue engineering.
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