Helfant RH, DeVilla MA, Meister SG. Effect of sustained isometric handgrip exercise on left ventricular performance. Circulation 1971; 44: 982-93.
Krayenbuehl HP. Evaluation of left ventricular function by handgrip. Eur J Cardiol 1974; 1: 283-91.
Flessas AP, Connely GP, Handa S, et al. Effects of isometric exercise on the end- diastolic pressure, volumes and function of the left ventricle in man. Circulation 1976; 53: 839-46.
Brown BG, Lee AB, Bolson EL, et al. Reflex constriction of significant coronary stenosis as a mechanism contributing to ischemia during isometric exercise. Circulation 1984; 70: 18-24.
Sigwart U, Grbig M, Essinger A, et al. Improvement of left ventricular function after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Am J Cardiol 1982; 49: 651-7.
Caroll JD, Hess OM, Hirzel HO, et al. Dynamics of left ventricular filling at rest and during exercise. Circulation 1983; 68: 59-67.
Hess OM, Schneider J, Nonogi H, et al. Myocardial structure in patients with exercise-induced ischemia. Circulation 1988; 77: 967-77.
Cage JE, Hess OM, Murakami T, et al. Vasoconstriction of stenotic coronary arteries during dynamic exercise in patients with classic angina pectoris: reversibility by nitroglycerin. Circulation 1986; 73: 865-76.
Barry WH, Brooker JZ, Aldernam EL, et al. Changes in diastolic stiffness and tone of the left ventricle during angina pectoris. Circulation 1974; 49: 255-63.
Mann T, Goldberg S, Mudge GH, et al. Factors contributing to altered left ventricular diastolic properties during angina pectoris. Circulation 1979; 59: 14-20.
Bertrand ME, Lablanche JM, Fourrier JL, et al. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic function during acuter coronary artery occlusion in humans. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988; 12: 341-7.
Sigwart U, Grbic M, Goy JJ, et al. Left atrial function in acute transient left ventricular ischemia produced during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Am J Cardiol 1990; 65: 282-6.
Serruys PW, Piscione F, Winjs W, et al. Ejection filling and diastasis during transluminal occlusion in man. In: Serruys PW, Simon R, & Beatt KJ, (eds) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht 1990.
Duval-Moulin AM, Dupouy P, Brun P, et al. Alteration of left ventricular diastolic function during angioplasty-induced Ischemia: A color M-mode Doppler study. J Am Coll Cardiol 1997; 29: 1246-55.
Rios JC, Massumi RA. Correlation between the apexcardiogram and left ventricular pressure. Am J Cardiol 1965; 15: 647-69.
Voigt GC, Friesinger GC. The use of apexcardiography in assessment of left ventricular diastolic pressure. Circulation 1970; 41: 1015-24.
Willems JL, De Geest H, Kesteloot H. On the value of apex cardiography for timing intracardiac events. Am J Cardiol 1971; 28: 59-66.
Manolas J, Rutishauser W, Wirz P, et al. Time relation between apexcardiogram and left ventricular events using simultaneous high-fidelity tracings in man. Br Heart J 1975; 37: 1263-7.
Manolas J, Rutishauser W. Relation between apex cardiographic and internal indices of left ventricular relaxation in man. Br Heart J 1977; 39: 1324-32.
Gibson TC, Madry R, Grossman W, et al. The A wave of the apexcardiogram and left ventricular diastolic stiffness. Circulation 1977; 49: 441-6.
Manolas J, Krayenbuehl HP. Comparison between apexcardiographic and angiographic indexes of left ventricular performance in patients with aortic incompetence. Circulation 1978; 57: 692-8.
Manolas J, Krayenbuehl HP, Rutishauser W. Use of apexcardiography to evaluate left ventricular diastolic compliance in human beings. Am J Cardiol 1979; 43: 939-45.
Manolas J, Rutishauser W. Diastolic amplitude time index: a new apexcardiographic index of left ventricular diastolic function in human beings. Am J Cardiol 1981; 48: 736-45.
Benchimol A, Dimond EG. The apex cardiogram in ischaemic heart disease. Br Heart J 1962; 24: 581-94.
Dimond EG, Benchimol A. Correlation of intracardiac pressure and precordial movement in ischaemic heart disease. Br Heart J 1963; 25: 369-92.
Manolas J, Kaparis GT, Rutishauser W. Noninvasive detection of an abnormal left ventricular end-diastolic pressure elevation during handgrip in coronary patients. Am J Card Imaging 1994; 8: 277. (abstract).
Ginn WM, Sherwin RW, Harrison WK, et al. Apexcardiography: Use in coronary heart disease and reproducibility. Am Heart J 1967; 73: 168-80.
Aronow WS, Cassidy J. Five year follow-up of double Master’s test, maximal treadmill stress test, and resting and post-exercise apexcardiogram in asymptomatic persons. Circulation 1975; 52: 616-8.
Siegel W, Gilbert CA, Nutter DO, et al. Use of isometric handgrip for the indirect assessment of left ventricular function in patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. Am J Cardiol 1972; 30: 49-54.
Manolas J. Value of handgrip-apexcardiographic test for the detection of early left ventricular Dysfunction in patients with angina pectoris. Z Kardiol 1990; 79: 825-30.
Manolas J. Noninvasive detection of coronary artery disease by assessing diastolic abnormalities during low isometric exercise. Clin Cardiol 1993; 16: 205-12.
Manolas J. Comparison of the handgrip apexcardiography test and stress ECG for detection of patients with coronary heart disease. Herz 1993; 4: 256-66.
Manolas J. Clinical value of types of exercise-induced diastolic abnormalities in patients with myocardial disease. Am J Noninvas Cardiol 1993; 7: 291-300.
Manolas J. Ischemic and nonischemic patterns of diastolic abnormalities during isometric handgrip exercise. Cardiology 1995; 86: 179-88.
Manolas J, Chrysochoou C, Kastelanos S, et al. Identification of patients with coronary artery disease by assessing diastolic abnormalities during isometric exercise. Clin Cardiol 2001; 24: 735-43.
Tschoepe, Paulus WJ. Doppler echocardiography yields dubious estimates of left ventricular diastolic pressures. Circulation 2009; 120: 810-20.
Solomon SD, Stevenson LW. Recalibrating the barometer. Is it time to take a critical look at noninvasive approaches to measuring filling pressures? Circulation 2009; 119: 13-4.
Patel MR, Peterson ED, Dai D, et al. Low diagnostic yield of elective coronary angiography. N Engl J Med 2010; 362: 886-95.
Douglas PS, Patel MR, Bailey SR, et al. Hospital variability in the rate of finding obstructive coronary artery disease at elective, diagnostic coronary arteriography. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 58: 801-9.
Paulus WJ. and the participants of the European Study Group on Diastolic Heart Failure, Working Group on Myocardial Function of European Society of Cardiology. How to diagnose diastolic heart failure? Eur Heart J 1998; 19: 990-1000.
Manolas J. Patterns of diastolic abnormalities during isometric stress in patients with systemic hypertension. Cardiology 1997; 88: 36-47.
Manolas J. Assessment of left ventricular behaviour during isometric exercise using external pressure transducer: Clinical relevance in asymptomatic patients with mild arterial hypertension. Eur J Cardiovasc Prevention & Rehabilitation 2009; (Supplement. 1)119. (abstract).
Manolas J, Kyriakidis M, Anastasakis A, et al. Usefulness of noninvasive detection of left ventricular diastolic abnormalities during isometric stress in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in athletes. Am J Cardiol 1998; 81: 306-13.
Manolas J. Comparison of left ventricular diastolic behaviour during handgrip in patients with systemic hypertension vs. hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Eur Heart J 2010; 31(Suppl. 1): 328. (abstract).
Manolas J. Exercise-induced diastolic abnormalities assessed by handgrip-apexcardiographic test in syndrome X. Cardiology 1993; 83: 396-406.
Johnson BD, Shaw LJ, Buchthal SD, et al. Prognosis in women with myocardial ischemia in the absence of obstructive coronary disease. Circulation 2004; 109: 2993-9.
Marzilli M, Noel Bairey Merz C, et al. Obstructive coronary atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease: an elusive link! J Am Coll Cardiol 2012; 60: 951-6.
Paulus WJ, Tschoepe C. A novel paradigm for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: comorbidities drive myocardial dysfunction and remodeling through coronary microvascular endothelial inflammation. J Am Col Cardiol 2013; 62(4): 263-71.