Anthrax: History, Biology, Global Distribution, Clinical Aspects, Immunology, and Molecular Biology

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Following the post 9/11 distribution of anthrax spores through the U.S. mail, and the resulting deaths of five individuals - primarily due to initial misdiagnosis - there has been a renewed interest ...
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History, Global Distribution, and Non-Natural Incidents of Anthrax

Pp. 3-23 (21)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608058860114010003

Author(s): Robert E. Levin


This chapter deals with the early history of anthrax, its industrial incidence and association with animal products such a wool and hair, and effective methods for destroying anthrax spores. The global distribution and prevalence of anthrax along with geographic areas considered endemic for anthrax are presented. Major non natural anthrax incidents that have occurred during the past century are discussed in detail.


Cutaneous anthrax, inhalation anthrax, gastrointestinal anthrax, wool sorters disease, formaldehyde, Russia, Soviet Union, Caucasus, Spain, Canada, America (U.S.A.), Haiti, Africa, Central America, Europe, Australia, Central Asia, Turkey, Albania, Zimbabwe.