Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Indexed in: EBSCO, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

The exponential increase in computing power in the late twentieth century has allowed researchers to gather, process and analyze large volumes of information and construct rational paradigms of ...
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Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion within the Cell

Pp. 99-125 (27)

Jacques Ricard


Many enzyme reactions take place in the living cell. Most of them are disfavored by thermodynamics i.e. most of them could not take place alone, in isolation. In the same vein, most of the processes involving the transport of matter are thermodynamically disfavored. It is only because these chemical and transport processes are coupled as to form a system that this system is feasible and functioning.


Disfavored chemical reactions and cell compartments, Energy coupling, Active and passive transport, Transport processes, Fractionation factors, Fluxes in living cells, Scalar processes, Vectorial processes, Coupling between scalar and vectorial processes.


Honorary Director of the Jacques Monod Institute CNRS, Paris cedex 5, France