Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

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The exponential increase in computing power in the late twentieth century has allowed researchers to gather, process and analyze large volumes of information and construct rational paradigms of ...
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Non-Equilibrium, Enzyme Reactions, Self-Organization and Dynamic Properties

Pp. 59-67 (9)

Jacques Ricard


Even “simple” enzyme networks can possibly display emergence of properties. These properties can be generated by a drift of the system away from equilibrium conditions. The lack of equilibrium of an enzyme system certainly plays a major importance in defining its function within the living cell.


Phenomenological description of an enzyme reaction, Probability of occurrence of an event under non-equilibrium conditions, Drift of a reaction under quasi-equilibrium and non-equilibrium reaction, Perturbation terms, Random binding of substrates to an enzyme, Sequential binding of substrates to an enzyme, Emergent enzyme reactions, Drift from equilibrium, Thermodynamic implications of a drift from quasi-equilibrium.


Honorary Director of the Jacques Monod Institute CNRS, Paris cedex 5, France