Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Indexed in: EBSCO, Ulrich's Periodicals Directory

The exponential increase in computing power in the late twentieth century has allowed researchers to gather, process and analyze large volumes of information and construct rational paradigms of ...
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Emergence of Information in Biological Systems

Pp. 35-58 (24)

Jacques Ricard


The concept of emergence is absent from classical molecular biology for it is implicitly, or explicitly, assumed that all the properties of living systems are in fine carried out by specific macromolecules. The concept of biological system implies that a number of biological properties are not borne by specific macromolecules but by a system of macromolecules. In this perspective a biological property originates from the connections between molecules belonging to a system. In classical molecular biology a property does not emerge for it is carried by a specific macromolecule. In systems biology properties emerge from the interactions that take place between the elements of a system.


Information of biological systems, Joint probability, Boltzmann statistics, Allostery, Induced fit, Information and induced fit, Information and ambiguity, Information and departure from thermodynamic equilibrium, Functions of connection, Generalized microscopic reversibility.


Honorary Director of the Jacques Monod Institute CNRS, Paris cedex 5, France