Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

Biological Systems: Complexity and Artificial Life

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The exponential increase in computing power in the late twentieth century has allowed researchers to gather, process and analyze large volumes of information and construct rational paradigms of ...
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Biological Systems, Identity, Organization and Communication

Pp. 15-34 (20)

Jacques Ricard


A living organism is a complex system that possesses an identity and emergent properties. Moreover such a system is able to communicate with its neighbours and cannot violate physical laws, for instance physical laws involved in communication of messages.


Identity of a system, Information of a system, Information associated with an event, Shannon entropies, Source of information, Destination of information, Conditional information, Central dogma of molecular biology, Genetic code, Protein lattice, Shannon communication theory, Emergence of information, Information and spatial organization of a system.


Honorary Director of the Jacques Monod Institute CNRS, Paris cedex 5, France