Isolation and Structural Elucidation of Antioxidant Peptides from Oyster (Saccostrea cucullata) Protein Hydrolysate

Author(s): Shanmugam Umayaparvathi, Selvaraju Meenakshi, Vinayagam Vimalraj, Muthuvel Arumugam, Thangavel Balasubramanian

Journal Name: Protein & Peptide Letters

Volume 21 , Issue 10 , 2014


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Abstract:

Protein derived from the oyster (Saccostrea cucullata) was hydrolyzed using protease from Bacillus cereus SU12 for isolation of antioxidant peptides. The oyster hydrolysate exhibited a strong antioxidant potential in DPPH (85.7±0.37%) followed by Hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging activity (81.6±0.3%), Hydroxyl radical-scavenging activity (79.32±0.6%), Reducing power assay (2.63±0.2 OD at 700nm). Due to the high antioxidant potential, hydrolysate was fractionated in Sephadex G-25 gel filtration chromatography. The active peptide fraction was further purified by UPLC-MS. Totally 7 antioxidant peptides were collected. Among 7 peptides (SCAP 1-7), 3 peptides (SCAP 1, 3 and 7) had highest scavenging ability on DPPH radicals. The amino acid sequence and molecular mass of purified antioxidant peptides (SCAP1, SCAP3 and SCAP7) were determined by Q-TOF ESI mass spectroscopy and structures of the peptides were Leu-Ala-Asn-Ala-Lys (MW=515.29Da), Pro-Ser-Leu-Val-Gly-Arg-Pro-Pro-Val-Gly-Lys-Leu-Thr-Leu (MW=1432.89Da) and Val-Lys-Val-Leu-Leu-Glu-His-Pro-Val-Leu (MW=1145.75Da), respectively. The unique amino acid composition and sequence in the peptides might play an important role in expression of their antioxidant activity. The results of this study suggest that oyster protein hydrolysate is good source of natural antioxidants.

Keywords: Antioxidant peptide, DPPH, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, enzymatic hydrolysis, Oyster Saccostrea cucullata, protein hydrolysate.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2014
Published on: 04 September, 2014
Page: [1073 - 1083]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/0929866521666140417121616
Price: $65

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