Darfur Ethnocide (2003-2009)
Pp. 122-145 (24)
Fabienne Le Houérou
Five important drivers are invoked to explain the Darfur ethnocide in 2003-
2009. The economic decline of the sultanate in the 19th century, colonial negligence,
Ghaddafi’s ambitions in the region in the eighties, dire droughts in the nineties,
Arabian-African ethnic cleavage aggravated by famine, and finally, the harsh
competition for scarce resources. This chapter provides crucial context for the conflict
and crisis in Darfur.
Anglo-Egyptian domination, Drought, Ethnocide versus Genocide,
Rebellion, International Criminal Court, International activism/solidarity, Darfur,
Omar Al-Bashir, Sultanate of Darfur, Janjaweed, Justice and Equality Movement
(JEM), Humanitarian aid, Human Rights, Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs),
Refugees, International Condemnation, Proxy war, Media coverage, Khartoum,
Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A).
Institut de Recherches et d’Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman (IREMAM) Aix-en-Provence France