Refractory Proctocolitis in the Exclusively Breast-Fed Infants

Author(s): Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Immune, Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders

Volume 14 , Issue 1 , 2014

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Abstract:

The arm of this review was to help general pediatricians and primary care physicians in diagnosing and managing cow’s milk protein allergy in exclusively breast-fed infants.

Allergic proctocolitis is a cause of rectal bleeding in exclusively breast-fed infants aged from 1 to 6 months.It is due to cow’s milk protein transferred via breast milk. Diagnosis is based on clinical features and recovery after dietetic therapy. Rectal bleeding generally resolves within 72-96 hours of cow’s milk protein maternal avoidance. Most infants tolerate cow’s milk by their first birthday.

Keywords: Allergic proctocolitis, α-S1-casein, β-lactoglobulin, blood streaked stool, breast-fed infants, cow’s milk proteins, non-IgE mediated immunologic reactions.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2014
Published on: 18 March, 2014
Page: [63 - 66]
Pages: 4
DOI: 10.2174/1871530314666140121145800

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