Mesoporous Materials and Nanocrystals for Enhancing the Dissolution Behavior of Poorly Water-soluble Drugs

Author(s): Helder A. Santos, Leena Peltonen, Tarja Limnell, Jouni Hirvonen

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 10 , 2013

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Advanced drug delivery formulations are presently recognized as promising tools for overcoming the adverse physicochemical properties of conventional drug molecules, such as poor water solubility, which often leads to poor drug bioavailability. Oral drug delivery is considered as the easiest and most convenient route of drug administration. However, via the current trends utilizing combinatorial chemistry and high throughput screening in drug development, new drug molecules are moving towards lipophilic and poorly water-soluble large molecules, and the oral delivery route is becoming increasingly challenging. In this context, formulation of poorly soluble and/or permeable drugs using mesoporous materials and nanocrystals technology have proven to be highly successful due to the greater surface/volume ratio of these systems, resulting in improvements in dissolution and bioavailability, as well as enhanced drug permeability. This review addresses the issues of poorly water-soluble drugs with a major focus on recent developments in the application of the mesoporous materials (e.g., porous silicon and silica) and nanocrystals in drug delivery applications. In addition, we present several recent examples of the significant potential of these materials for the pharmaceutical field.

Keywords: Drug delivery, Dissolution, Nanocrystals, Pharmaceutical formulation, Porous silicon, Porous silica, Poor watersolubility.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [926 - 938]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1389201014666131226150404
Price: $65

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PDF: 48