Nesfatin-1, discovered by Oh-I and his coworkers in 2006, is a multi-functional peptide hormone with an approximate MW of
9.8 kDa and a half-life of 23.5 minutes. This peptide is found in three different forms, nesfatin-1, nesfatin-2 and nesfatin-3, all three of
which are formed from the precursor NUCB2 by proteolytic processing. The 30-amino acid middle segment of nesfatin-1 (M30) is responsible
for limiting food intake, while the exact physiological role of nesfatin-2 and nesfatin-3 is unknown. This review will focus on
nesfatin-1 in relation with tissue and fluid distribution, considerations for its analysis in body fluids, and its potential as a biomarker for
Keywords: Nesfatin/nucleobindin 2, nesfatin-1, NUCB2, satiety, biomarker.
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