Computer Simulations of Biomolecules in Non-Aqueous and Semi-Aqueous Solvent Conditions
Pp. 318-381 (64)
Pure organic solvents or their mixtures with water are commonly used as
artificial media for biotechnological application and for fundamental research on protein
stability and folding mechanism. The molecular interactions between these
environments and biological molecules are complex and variegated, and only recently
we started to shade a light on their nature. Molecular modeling methods are effective
tools to address the atomistic detail of these processes. In particular, Molecular
Dynamics simulation is one of the most powerful and versatile tools to investigate the
solvation of complex molecules. In the last few years, the number of publications on
peptide and protein simulations in non-natural environments has rapidly increased.
These studies are providing important information to shed light on the nature of nonaqueous
solvent effects. In this chapter, the achievements and the future prospects in
this field of computational biochemistry are reviewed by summarizing the most
important theoretical results published in the last 15 years.
Organic solvents and cosolvents, preferential solvation, protein
stability, peptide folding, peptide aggregation, enzymatic catalysis.
School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, 28759 Bremen, Germany.