The Role of Essential Oils and the Biological Detoxification in the Prevention of Aflatoxin Borne Diseases

Author(s): Dusanka Kitic, Dusica Pavlovic, Suzana Brankovic

Journal Name: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 13 , Issue 21 , 2013

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Fungi are an important group of microorganisms. They are studied due to their significant impact on the environment, industry and human health. In relation to biological aspects, biogeochemical cycling of elements, the world of nature would not be possible without the contribution of fungi as the primary decomposers of organic material. On the other hand, food decay by the fungi spoilage causes considerable economic losses and constitutes a health risk for consumers due to the potential of fungi to produce mycotoxins. Mycotoxins are chemically diverse secondary metabolites that can be harmful both to animal and human health. Aflatoxins, a widely studied group of toxins among mycotoxins, are mainly biosynthesized by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Therefore, the control of fungi and the production of aflatoxins, especially the most toxic aflatoxins B1 and G1, is essential and decisive. Over the last few decades, numerous studies have demonstrated that plants, especially their essential oils, contain diverse bioactive components that can protect crops from becoming contaminated by different mold species, Aspergillus in particular, with an emphasis on A. flavus and A. parasiticus; as well as that, they can prevent the contamination of food produce during the processing and storage and prevent the production of aflatoxins. Plant essential oils are expected to be more advantageous than synthetic compounds because of their relatively safe status, easy decomposition, environmentally friendly and non-phytotoxic properties. This paper also presents the recent research in biological control of aflatoxin contamination.

Keywords: Aflatoxin, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus; essential oil.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Published on: 01 October, 2013
Page: [2767 - 2790]
Pages: 24
DOI: 10.2174/15680266113136660199
Price: $65

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