Antimicrobial Activity of Defensins and Defensin-Like Peptides with Special Emphasis on those from Fungi and Invertebrate Animals

Author(s): Tzi Bun Ng, Randy Chi Fai Cheung, Jack Ho Wong, Xiu Juan Ye

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 14 , Issue 6 , 2013


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Abstract:

Living organisms are in perpetual contact with pathogenic microbes, and in encounter with parasites and predators. In order to protect themselves, they produce a variety of antimicrobial proteins and peptides. One family of such protective or defensive proteins is known as defensins, characterized by a cationic character, a low molecular mass, and an abundance of cysteine residues. Defensins from mammals and plants have been succinctly reviewed by a number of experts in this ever-growing field. This review encompasses the defensin plectasin from the saprophytic fungus Pseudoplectania nigrella as well as defensins and defensin-like peptides from invertebrate animals such as jellyfish, sponges, nematodes, crustaceans, arachnids, insects, bivalves, snails, and sea urchins. Big defensins from mollusks are mentioned together with amphioxus big defensin. The structures and activities of these defense proteins are discussed.

Keywords: Defensins, defensin-like peptides, fungi, invertebrate animals.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2013
Published on: 31 August, 2013
Page: [515 - 531]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/13892037113149990068
Price: $65

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