The performance and reliability of energy storage systems largely depend on the characteristics and properties
of the electrode materials that constitute the system. Nanostructured materials have greatly influenced the overall
performance of these systems by enhancing surface processes and improving the transport kinetics of the ions/molecules
involved. Vanadium based materials have received considerable attention, particularly as electrode materials in high
energy density Lithium ion batteries (LIB) and supercapacitors because of their cost effectiveness, efficient energy
utilization and special structural characteristics. In this review, the applications of vanadium based materials as electrode
components in energy storage systems have been described; their utilization in LIB and supercapacitors has been
particularly highlighted. Recent developments in the field of vanadium based nanoelectrode materials are also discussed.
Keywords: Vanadium, Energy storage, Electrodes, Lithium ion Batteries, Supercapacitors.
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