The antioxidants and antioxidant enzyme systems belong to the major protective systems of the organism. The
use of retinoic acid in many animal models of carcinogenesis has also suggested that its action may depend on its
antioxidant activity. Retinoids have been shown to function as effective antioxidants by inhibiting microsomal lipid
peroxidation. The importance of antioxidants for the maintenance of health and for protection from oxidative stressinduced
damage places them in the forefront of mechanistic approaches to genetically originated diseases related to
retinoids. It is well known that cellular and subcellular membranes are susceptible to lipid oxidation because of their
relatively high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids and their close proximity to oxygen, transition metals and
peroxidases. Therefore, there has been a great deal of interest in the study of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which are
associated with arteriosclerosis, nephritis and carcinogenesis. Antioxidants scavenge and prevent the formation of free
radicals so they are highly important for the treatment of these kinds of diseases. For this reason, antioxidant properties of
retinoidal benzimidazole or indole derivatives have been investigated in this review.
Keywords: Antioxidant compounds, anticancer, free radicals, indole derivatives, lipid peroxidation, retinoids, retinol.
Rights & PermissionsPrintExport
Published on: 07 November, 2013
Page: [4633 - 4639]