Recent research reveals the crucial role microRNAs (miRNAs) in the pathogenesis and progression of many
pathological conditions, including cardiovascular diseases. It is widely documented that miRNAs represent critical regulators
of cardiovascular function and participate in almost all aspects of cardiovascular biology. In particular, they are involved
in several pathophysiological pathways of various manifestations of cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery
disease, heart failure, stroke, diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias. In the present article we
review the available literature regarding to the role of miRNAs in certain cardiovascular conditions. Moreover, we discuss
the therapeutic potential of miRNAs for treating cardiovascular diseases and we attempt to highlight future directions.