Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a common type of venous thrombosis in neonates. The reported incidence in
literature is 2.2 per 100,000 live births in Germany . In Canada, the number of live births is an estimated 350,000 per
year ; a 10-year review reports an annual incidence of 2.3 cases of RVT . RVT in children and adults is so rare that
the exact incidence is unknown. However, physicians managing such patients need to be aware that both the risk factors
and their clinical courses may be different among patients of different age groups. For a comprehensive review of the epidemiology,
pathophysiology, etiology, presentation, and diagnosis of RVT, readers are referred to other chapters in this
special issue. The present chapter focuses on the management of this disease.