Neonatal renal vein thrombosis (NRVT) is a complication that occurs in newborns with various underlying risk
factors. Various modes of therapies, including anticoagulation and fibrinolytic therapies have been reported with anecdotal
success. Due to a lack of prospective controlled trials, there is currently no evidence-based guideline available for the
treatment of neonates with renal vein thrombosis. The clinical features, diagnosis and current approach to management of
neonatal renal vein thrombosis are reviewed in this chapter.