Autophagy Inhibition Rescues Against Leptin-Induced Cardiac Contractile Dysfunction

Author(s): Machender R. Kandadi, Nathan D. Roe, Jun Ren.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 20 , Issue 4 , 2014

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Abstract:

Leptin hormone plays a vital role in the pathophysiological changes in heart geometry and function. Nonetheless, the precise mechanism(s) triggering leptin-induced cardiomyocyte contractile dysfunction is not well understood. The present study was designed to examine if autophagy plays a role in leptin-induced cardiac contractile anomalies. Cardiomyocyte contractile function was evaluated using an IonOptix edge detection system in cardiomyocytes following treatment with leptin in the presence or absence of the autophagy inhibiting chemical 3-methyladenine (3-MA). Immunoblotting was employed to evaluate expression of AMPK, Beclin1, Atg 5, p62 and LC3-II. GFP-LC3 puncta was used to assess autophagosome formation. Leptin suppressed cardiac contractile function as evidenced by decreased peak shortening, maximal velocity of shortening and relengthening, increased time-to-90% relengthening, all the observed effects were reduced or obliterated by autophagy inhibition. Leptin promoted superoxide generation, AMPK activation and overt autophagy induction. Leptin promoted autophagy as evidenced by enhanced LC3-II, Beclin, Atg 5 and decreased p62 levels. Pharmacological inhibition of reactive oxygen species (ROS) using tempol significantly attenuated leptin-induced autophagosome formation and cardiac contractile anomalies. In addition, genetic deletion of AMPKα2 or pharmacological inhibition of AMPK using compound C abrogated leptin or superoxide induced cardiac contractile dysfunction and autophagosome formation. In summary, our data revealed that leptin impairs cardiac contractile function through a superoxide generation-AMPK activation-and autophagy dependent mechanism.

Keywords: Leptin, cardiomyocyte, contractile function, autophagy.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2014
Page: [675 - 683]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/13816128113199990019
Price: $65

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