Interactions of Dietary Flavonoids with Proteins: Insights from Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Other Related Biophysical Studies

Author(s): Sudip Chaudhuri, Bidisha Sengupta, Jasmine Taylor, Biswa Pathik Pahari, Pradeep K. Sengupta

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 14 , Issue 4 , 2013

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Abstract:

In 1936, Rusznyak and Szent-Gyorgyi first drew attention to the therapeutically beneficial role of dietary flavonoids, which are the most common group of polyphenols ubiquitously present in plant based food and beverages. Recent years have witnessed a renascence of interest on these nutraceuticals, which, because of their high potency and low systemic toxicity, are gradually emerging as promising alternatives to conventional therapeutic drugs. There is a mounting evidence that various proteins frequently serve as targets for therapeutically important flavonoids. In this article we present perspectives exemplifying the growing potential of fluorescence spectroscopy as an exquisitely sensitive tool for noninvasive sensing of protein-flavonoid interactions at physiologically relevant concentrations, via measurements of steady state emission parameters as well as decay kinetics studies of the intrinsic fluorescence of the target (protein) and/or ligand (flavonoid). Especially, we highlight novel applications of the remarkably environment sensitive ‘two color’ fluorescence exhibited by many important flavonoids, which permits multiparametric and ratiometric measurements. To consolidate findings obtained via fluorescence spectroscopy, use of other relevant experimental biophysical techniques and molecular modeling have proved to be valuable and are also discussed here. Such complementary studies provide additional insights regarding the thermodynamics and conformational aspects of the protein-flavonoid interactions, together with details, at atomistic level, of the dominant noncovalent interactions involved in the docking of different flavonoids to their target proteins.

Keywords: Flavonoids, serum albumin, hemoglobin, Two color fluorescence, Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer, molecular modeling, thermodynamics.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2013
Page: [491 - 503]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1389200211314040011
Price: $65

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