Systemic Oxidative Stress in Older Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment or Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s): Carlo Cervellati, Eleonora Cremonini, Cristina Bosi, Stefania Magon, Amedeo Zurlo, Carlo M Bergamini, Giovanni Zuliani

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 10 , Issue 4 , 2013

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A large body of evidences obtained in human and animal brain tissue suggest a role of oxidative stress (OxS) in the pathogenesis of late onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD); on the contrary, data on peripheral markers of OxS in LOAD are still controversial. We evaluated the serum levels of products of lipid peroxidation, hydroperoxides, advanced oxidation protein products, total and residual antioxidant power, thiols, and uric acid in a sample of 334 older individuals: 101 LOAD patients, 134 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 99 controls. At univariate analysis, serum hydroperoxides were higher while residual antioxidant power was lower in MCI and LOAD compared with in controls. By multivariate logistic regression analysis we found that, compared with controls, high levels (over median value) of serum hydroperoxides were independently associated with an increase in the likehood of having MCI (Odd Ratio: 2.59, 95% Confidence Interval: 1.08-6.21) or LOAD (OR: 4.09, 95%CI: 1.36-11.81). Furthermore, low levels of residual antioxidant power (below the median value) were associated with increased risk of having MCI (OR: 3.97, 95% CI: 1.62-9.72), but not dementia (OR: 2.31, 95%CI: 0.83-6.63). Our study suggests that a systemic redox-imbalance leading to OxS might be associated not only with LOAD but also with MCI.

Keywords: Cognitive impairment, late onset Alzheimer's disease, oxidative stress

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [365 - 372]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1567205011310040003
Price: $65

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