Over the last 20 years, many chemical reactions or processes have been studied using microwave irradiation as heating source.
Nowadays, microwave-assisted functionalization of materials and nanomaterials is a rapidly growing field of research. Indeed, for their
elaboration with specific and relevant properties, post synthetic modification of the surface is one of the critical steps. Most of the time,
they could not be synthesized directly with their properties and so their surfaces need to be tailored for their final applications. In the last
few years various surfaces (polymer resins, porous materials, metal organic frameworks, inorganic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes…)
have been evaluated with reported reaction rate accelerations and higher yields. The present contribution will give an overview of this
field and will focus on the advantages of microwave functionalization and future trends of this field of research.