Electrolysis of Ionic Liquids. A Possible Keystone for the Achievement of Green Solvent-Catalyst Systems

Author(s): Marta Feroci, Isabella Chiarotto, Achille Inesi.

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 17 , Issue 3 , 2013

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Abstract:

The set up of sustainable procedures of synthesis requires, inter alia, a careful reconsideration of the role of the solvent and of the catalyst. In the last years, room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) and N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have drawn considerable attention as new rising generation of green solvents and organocatalysts. A simple cathodic reduction of C2-H imidazolium based ionic liquids yields, in mild conditions, a RTIL-NHC medium, i.e. a green solvent-derived catalyst system, able to trigger different NHCcatalyzed organic reactions.

To verify the versatility of this medium, its efficiency has been tested in different reactions, i.e.: benzoin condensation, Stetter reaction, synthesis of γ-butyrolactones, synthesis of esters, Henry reaction, Staudinger reaction. In any case, after the addition of the suitable substrates to the electrogenerated RTIL-NHC systems, the products have been isolated in good to elevated yields.

Keywords: Room temperature ionic liquids, N-heterocyclic carbenes, Organocatalysts, Organic electrosynthesis, Green and sustainable chemistry, Imidazolium, α-Hydroxy ketones, Stetter Reaction, N-Heterocyclic Carbenes

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2013
Page: [204 - 219]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1385272811317030003
Price: $58

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