The Effect of Leverage and/or Influential on Structure-Activity Relationships

Author(s): Sorana D. Bolboaca, Lorentz Jantschi

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2013

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In the spirit of reporting valid and reliable Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) models, the aim of our research was to assess how the leverage (analysis with Hat matrix, hi) and the influential (analysis with Cook’s distance, Di) of QSAR models may reflect the models reliability and their characteristics. The datasets included in this research were collected from previously published papers. Seven datasets which accomplished the imposed inclusion criteria were analyzed. Three models were obtained for each dataset (full-model, hi-model and Di-model) and several statistical validation criteria were applied to the models. In 5 out of 7 sets the correlation coefficient increased when compounds with either hi or Di higher than the threshold were removed. Withdrawn compounds varied from 2 to 4 for himodels and from 1 to 13 for Di-models. Validation statistics showed that Di-models possess systematically better agreement than both full-models and hi-models. Removal of influential compounds from training set significantly improves the model and is recommended to be conducted in the process of quantitative structure-activity relationships developing. Cook’s distance approach should be combined with hat matrix analysis in order to identify the compounds candidates for removal.

Keywords: Influential points, leverage effect, model sensitivity, model validation, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR), Cook’s distance.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [288 - 297]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1386207311316040003
Price: $65

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