Melatonin and Pineal Gland Peptides Are Able to Correct the Impairment of Reproductive Cycles in Rats

Author(s): Alexander Arutjunyan, Ljudmila Kozina, Yulia Milyutina, Andrew Korenevsky, Michael Stepanov, Vladimir Arutyunov.

Journal Name: Current Aging Science

Volume 5 , Issue 3 , 2012

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Catecholamines play an important role in the hypothalamic regulation of the synthesis and secretion of gonadotropin- releasing hormone, or gonadoliberin. We have shown that melatonin and the pineal gland peptides (epithalamine and epitalon) exert a correcting influence on the diurnal dynamics of norepinephrine (NE) in the medial preoptic area (MPA) and of dopamine (DA) in the median eminence with arcuate nuclei (ME-Arc) disturbed by single administration of the neurotoxic xenobiotic 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) in female rats. It has been found that experiments with DMH administration can be used as an animal model of female reproductive system premature aging. The investigation of epithalamine (a polypeptide preparation from the bovine pineal gland) effect on circadian rhythms disturbed by the neurotoxic compound DMH has shown a recovery of the diurnal dynamics of NE in MPA. In addition, NE was found to decrease from 9:30 till 11 o’clock, Circadian Time (CT), which was typical of control animals. Epitalon (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly) proved to be more effective in ME-Arc. This peptide prevents the xenobiotic caused disturbance of DA diurnal rhythm, keeping this metabolite low at 5 o’clock (CT) with it having increased by 11 o’clock (CT). The data obtained suggest that the pineal gland is important for the circadian signal normalization needed for gonadoliberin surge on the day of proestrus. Melatonin and peptides of the pineal gland can be considered as effective protectors of female reproductive system from xenobiotics and premature aging.

Keywords: Circadian rhythms, 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine, dopamine, epithalamine, epitalon, hypothalamus, melatonin, norepinephrine, pineal gland, Catecholamines

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Page: [178 - 185]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1874609811205030003
Price: $65

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