Reduction of β-Amyloid Accumulation by Reticulon 3 in Transgenic Mice

Author(s): Wataru Araki, Akiko Oda, Kazumi Motoki, Kotaro Hattori, Masayuki Itoh, Shigeki Yuasa, Yoshihiro Konishi, Ryong-Woon Shin, Akira Tamaoka, Koichi Ogino

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 10 , Issue 2 , 2013

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Inhibition of the β-secretase, BACE1, which cleaves amyloid precursor protein (APP) to produce β-amyloid protein (Aβ), is thought to be a feasible therapeutic strategy for Alzheimer’s disease. Reticulon (RTN) proteins such as RTN3 have been identified as membrane proteins that interact with BACE1 and inhibit its Aβ-generating activity. In this study, we investigated whether RTN3 can regulate Aβ production in vivo, using transgenic (Tg) mice expressing APP with Swedish and London mutations (APP Tg mice) and those expressing RTN3; the latter mice showed ~1.4-fold higher expression levels of RTN3 protein in the cerebral cortex than non-Tg controls. We analyzed the brains of single APP Tg and double APP/RTN3 Tg mice at the age of approximately 15 months. The levels of secreted APP-β, a direct BACE1 cleavage product of APP, in Tris-soluble fraction were considerably reduced in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of APP/RTN3 Tg mice relative to those in APP Tg mice. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that Aβ burden and plaques were significantly (by approximately 50%) decreased in both the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of double Tg mice compared to APP Tg mice. Furthermore, the levels of guanidine-soluble Aβ40 and Aβ42 in these brain regions of APP/RTN3 Tg mice were relatively lower than those in APP Tg mice. These findings indicate that even a small increase in RTN3 expression exerts suppressive effects on amyloidogenic processing of APP and Aβ accumulation through modulation of BACE1 activity in vivo, and suggest that induction of RTN3 might be an effective therapeutic strategy against Alzheimer’s disease.

Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, β-amyloid, β-secretase, BACE1, reticulon; transgenic mice

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Published on: 19 February, 2013
Page: [135 - 142]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1567205011310020003
Price: $65

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