Current State-of-the-Art of Engineered Collagen Based Bone Biomimetics

Author(s): T.G. Vladkova, T.M. Deyanova

Journal Name: Current Tissue Engineering (Discontinued)

Volume 2 , Issue 1 , 2013


Majority current bone tissue biomimetics are based on collagen containing composites since the collagen is a major organic component of the natural extra cellular matrix (ECM). Two main types of biomimetic composites, based on: i) fibriliar or ii) electrospun collagen are in the focus of this review. It includes a brief presentation of the composition, hierarchical structure and formation of natural bone, as a base of the bone biomimetic design strategy. Requirements to substituting biomaterials (synthetic bone scaffolds and grafts) analogous to natural bone in terms of composition, structure (at micro-, nano- or molecular level) and function are also included in this review.

Keywords: Bone biomimetics, composites, electrospun collagen, fibriliar collagen, morphogenic proteins and growth factors, biofunctionality

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Page: [51 - 77]
Pages: 27
DOI: 10.2174/2211542011302010006

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