Physical and Structural Stability of the Monoclonal Antibody, Trastuzumab (Herceptin®), Intravenous Solutions

Author(s): Ritesh M. Pabari, Benedict Ryan, Wazir Ahmad, Zebunnissa Ramtoola.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 14 , Issue 2 , 2013

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Abstract:

A major limitation of biological therapeutics is their propensity for degradation particularly in aqueous solutions hence resulting in their short shelf-life. In this study, the stability of trastuzumab (Herceptin®) intravenous (i.v.) solutions, an IgG1 monoclonal antibody (mAb), indicated for the treatment of HER2 positive breast cancer, stored under refrigerated conditions, was evaluated over 28 days. No change in visual appearance or average particle size was observed. The pH values of the trastuzumab i.v. solutions remained stable over time. Interestingly, no change in trastuzumab monomer concentration was observed throughout the 28-day study, as determined by SEC-HPLC. SDSPAGE showed only a monomer band corresponding to the molecular weight of trastuzumab. Circular dichroism spectra obtained following 28-day storage demonstrated integrity of the secondary structural conformation of trastuzumab. Results from this study show that trastuzumab i.v. solutions remain physically and structurally stable on storage at 2-8°C for 28 days. These findings suggest that trastuzumab in solution may not be as sensitive to degradation as expected for a mAb and therefore may have important implications in extending trastuzumab shelf life for clinical use and reducing associated healthcare cost.

Keywords: Trastuzumab, stability, protein aggregation, SEC, particle size, SDS-PAGE, Circular dichroism

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2013
Page: [220 - 225]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389201011314020012
Price: $65

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