ANN-QSAR Model for Virtual Screening of Androstenedione C-Skeleton Containing Phytomolecules and Analogues for Cytotoxic Activity Against Human Breast Cancer Cell Line MCF-7

Author(s): Om Prakash, Feroz Khan, Rajender Singh Sangwan, Laxminarain Misra

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 16 , Issue 1 , 2013

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The present study deals with the development of an artificial neural network based quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) model for virtual screening of active compounds which contain androstenedione carbonskeleton or their similar skeleton at the core. An empirical data modeling (with fitted data mapping) has been performed on the basis of bioassay record for human breast cancer cell line MCF7. The whole experimental data set was considered as test set. Standard feed-forward back-propagation neural network technique was applied to build the model. Leave-One- Out (LOO) cross-validation was performed to evaluate the performance of the model. The mapped model became the basis for selection best mapped compounds followed by development of Pharmacophore specific secondary QSAR model. In the present study, two best mapped molecules ‘4beta-hydroxy Withanolide-E’ and ‘7, 8-Dehydrocalotropin’ were used for development of the secondary QSAR model. These secondary-QSAR models were resulted with R2 LOOCV value 0.9845 and 0.9666 respectively. Docking studies, in silico phamacokinetic and toxicity analysis was also done for selected compounds. The screened compounds CID_73621, CID_16757497, CID_301751, CID_390666 and CID_46830222 were found with promising binding affinity value with aromatase with reference to the co-crystallized control compound androstenedione. Due to excellent extent of variance coverage in ANN based QSAR map model, it can be used as a robust non-linear QSAR model for androstenedione carbon-skeleton containing molecules and the protocol can be used to derive secondary QSAR models for other compounds set.

Keywords: Androstenedione, ANN, MCF-7, QSAR, withanolide, Virtual Screening, Cytotoxic Activity, model, androstenedione carbonskeleton, non-linear QSAR model.

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Article Details

Year: 2013
Published on: 01 January, 2013
Page: [57 - 72]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1386207311316010008

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