The genus Euonymus has been reviewed for its chemical constituents and its biological activities including traditional
importance of some common species. The genus Euonymus is cultivated in many parts of India for its ornamental purposes. The present
report is based on available data and references about the genus. The main substances found in plants of the genus euonymus are
dihydroagarofuran, sesquiterpene polyol esters, chlorogenic acid, D:A-friedooleanans, lupenediol and pyridine alkaloids. The overall
activity of the extract is based on the interaction between its components. Different extracts of the Euonymus genus showed remarkable
acitvites e.g. anticancerous, insecticidal, antitumor, antidiabetic and antimicrobial activities. Therefore, the safety and efficacy of the
extract cannot be fully imitated by individual constituents. The aim of the present review is to summarize the different phytochemical and
pharmacological work on the genus together.