Switching to Raltegravir in Virologically Suppressed in HIV-1-Infected Patients: A Retrospective, Multicenter, Descriptive Study

Author(s): Daniel Podzamczer, Esteban Martinez, Pere Domingo, Elena Ferrer, Pompeyo Viciana, Jordi Curto, Maria-Jesus Perez-Elias, Antonio Ocampo, Ignacio Santos, Hernando Knobel, Vicente Estrada, Eugenia Negredo, Ferran Segura, Joaquin Portilla, Esteban Ribera, Josefa Galindo, Antonio Antela, Jorge Carmena, Manuel Castano, The TORAL Study Group

Journal Name: Current HIV Research

Volume 10 , Issue 8 , 2012

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Abstract:

Objectives: To describe the efficacy and tolerability of switching to raltegravir (RAL) in virologically suppressed HIV-1-infected patients during routine clinical practice.

Methods: A total number of 263 subjects (189 men, median age 48.1 years) with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL for ≥ 6 months were switched to RAL (400 mg b.i.d). Reasons for change were toxicity (49.0%), drug interactions (6.1%) or convenience (28.6%) (switch from subcutaneous to oral treatment 22.4%, improvement of posology 3.4%). Patients were followed up to 24 months after switching to RAL. Primary end-points were tolerability and virological failure defined as two consecutive measures of HIV-1 RNA > 50 copies/mL.

Results: After a median of 12.4 months (range 2.8-26.4 months), virological failure was observed in 6 (2.3%) patients (2.2 per 100 person-years [95%CI 0.9-4.6]), while AIDS occurred in 1, drug discontinuation in 4, 3 patients died and 10 were lost to follow-up. The median CD4+ T cell count increased from 460 cells/mm3 to 508.6 cells/mm3 (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Switching to RAL in clinical practice was mainly driven by toxicity, convenience or interactions, they were well tolerated and secured virologic suppression in the vast majority of patients.

Keywords: Raltegravir, simplification strategy, HIV infection, toxicity, CD4+, T cell, patients, lipid, virological, suppression

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Article Details

VOLUME: 10
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2012
Published on: 07 November, 2012
Page: [673 - 678]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/157016212803901428
Price: $65

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