Prostaglandin E2: From Clinical Applications to Its Potential Role in Bone- Muscle Crosstalk and Myogenic Differentiation

Author(s): Chenglin Mo, Sandra Romero-Suarez, Lynda Bonewald, Mark Johnson, Marco Brotto

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Biotechnology

Volume 6 , Issue 3 , 2012

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Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), a prostanoid synthesized from arachidonic acid via the cyclooxygenase pathway, is a modulator of physiological responses including inflammation, fever, and muscle regeneration. Several patents have been filed that are related to PGE2, one of them being directly related to skeletal muscles. In this report, we first summarize the key patents describing inventions for the utilization of PGE2 for either diagnostic or therapeutic purposes, including skeletal muscle. In the second part of our work we present new and exciting data that demonstrates that PGE2 accelerates skeletal muscle myogenic differentiation. Our discovery resulted from our recent and novel concept of bone-muscle crosstalk. Bone and muscle are anatomically intimate endocrine organs and we aimed to determine whether this anatomical intimacy also translates into a biochemical communication from bone cells to muscle cells at the in vitro level. The effects of MLOY4 osteocyte-like cell conditioned medium (CM) and three osteocyte-secreted factors, PGE2, sclerostin and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-3), on C2C12 myogenic differentiation were evaluated using morphological analyses, a customized 96-gene PCR array, and measurements of intracellular calcium levels. MLO-Y4 CM and PGE2, but not sclerostin and MCP-3, induced acceleration of myogenesis of C2C12 myoblasts that was linked with significant modifications in intracellular calcium homeostasis. This finding should further stimulate the pursuit of new patents to explore the use of PGE2 and the new concept of bone-muscle crosstalk for the development and application of inventions designed to treat muscle diseases characterized by enhanced muscle wasting, such as sarcopenia.

Keywords: Bone-muscle crosstalk, PGE2, inventions, prostaglandins, prostanoid, EP Receptors, gene expression, MyoD, muscle regulatory factors, myogenic acceleration, calcium release, excitation-contraction coupling, bone cells, osteocytes, MLO-Y4 osteocytes-like cells, MLO-Y4 conditioned media, bone secreted factors, muscle secreted factors, myokines, calcium-induced calcium release (CICR), patents

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Article Details

Year: 2012
Published on: 07 November, 2012
Page: [223 - 229]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1872208311206030223
Price: $65

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