Although the impressive progression of modern diagnostic opportunities and therapeutic options, cardiovascular
diseases still represent the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Beyond the effective pharmacological
treatment of major cardiovascular disease or sequelae, however, cardiovascular diseases developing in adult individuals
are largely preventable. The substantial failure to prevent cardiovascular disease in the 20th century generation is
mostly linked to the ineffective use, as well as to the underuse of available preventive strategies. As a consequence, preventive
strategies should be encouraged at both individual and population level, to substantially improve healthy status of
the general population and reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases in Western and Developing Countries.