A new method of the synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl-2H-oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-7(3H)-ones, commonly known as
pyrimidine acyclo-2,2’-anhydronucleosides, was developed. Under the Mitsunobu reaction conditions, 5-substituted 1-(3’-alkoxy-2’-
hydroxypropyl)uracil derivatives underwent an intramolecular cyclization to the corresponding 2-alkoxymethyl-2,3-dihydro-7Hoxazolo[
3,2-a]pyrimidin-7-ones. The various synthetic methods have been demonstrated in the reactions with several N-nucleophiles.
Importantly from the mechanistic point of view, in the case of 6-bromo-2-(hydroxymethyl)-2H-oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrimidin-7(3H)-one
treated with chiral isocyanate the inversion of configuration at the C-4’ carbon atom accompanied by the oxazolidine ring opening was
Keywords: Heterocycles, Nucleobases, Mitsunobu reaction, Oxazolidine ring opening, Nucleophilic substitution, Bioactive compounds, 2-amino-4, 5-dihydrooxazole, tetramethylsilane, chromatography, acyclic pyrimidine
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