A combination of Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems and nanoscale structures allows for the creation of novel
miniaturized devices, which broaden the boundaries of the diagnostic approaches. Some materials possess unique properties
at the nanolevel, which are different from those in bulk materials. In the last years these properties became a focus of
interest for many researchers, as well as methods of production, design and operation of the nanoobjects. Intensive research
and development work resulted in numerous inventions, exploiting nanotechnology in miniaturized systems. Modern
technical and laboratory equipment allows for the precise control of such devices, making them suitable for sensitive
and accurate detection of the analytes. The current review highlights recent patents in the field of nanotechnology in microdevices,
applicable for medical and food analysis. The paper covers the structural and functional basis of such systems
and describes specific embodiments in three principal branches: application of nanoparticles, nanofluidics, and nanosensors
in the miniaturized systems for advanced analytics and diagnostics.
Keywords: Electrochemical, food medical analysis, Lab-on-a-chip, microsystem, MEMS, magnetoresistive, optical sensor,
nanoparticle, nanoabsorber, sensor element.
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