Effects of Elicitors, Viticultural Factors, and Enological Practices on Resveratrol and Stilbenes in Grapevine and Wine

Author(s): Luigi Bavaresco, Fulvio Mattivi, Mirko De Rosso, Riccardo Flamini.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 12 , Issue 13 , 2012

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Abstract:

The ability of grapevine to activate defense mechanisms against some pathogens has been shown to be linked to the synthesis of stilbenes by the plant (inducible viniferins). Metabolized viniferins may also be produced or modified by extracellular enzymes released by the pathogen in an attempt to eliminate undesirable toxic compounds. Due to the important properties of resveratrol, there is increasing interest in producing foods with higher contents of this compound and higher nutritional value. The production of high resveratrol-containing grapes and wines relies on quality-oriented viticulture (suitable terroirs, sustainable cultural practices) and wine-making technologies which avoid degradation of the compound. The technique of skin extraction and enzymatic hydrolysis of glucoside forms in wine-making plays an important role in resveratrol wine concentration. Other factors affecting its final concentration and balance in wine are conditions for promoting trans-cis isomerization of aglycones, the type of yeast used, and the presence of lactic bacteria with -glucosidase activity. In general, the enological practices commonly used to stabilize wine after fermentation do not significantly affect resveratrol concentrations, which show considerable stability.

Keywords: Phytoalexins, resveratrol, stilbenes, viniferins, grapes, wine, health

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Article Details

VOLUME: 12
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2012
Page: [1366 - 1381]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/13895575112091366
Price: $65

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