Emergence of Nanomedicine as Cancer Targeted Magic Bullets: Recent Development and Need to Address the Toxicity Apprehension

Author(s): Mahfoozur Rahman, Mohammad Zaki Ahmad, Imran Kazmi, Sohail Akhter, Muhammad Afzal, Gaurav Gupta, Vivek Ranjan Sinha

Journal Name: Current Drug Discovery Technologies

Volume 9 , Issue 4 , 2012

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Abstract:

Multi drug resistance and non specific targeting is a major problem with conventional therapy. To overcome this problem, nanoparticles (NPs) have emerged as an important tool to deliver conventional drugs, recombinant proteins, vaccines and more recently, nucleotides. NPs modify the drug release pattern, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (ADME) and therapeutic response. This review focuses on the potential of nanotechnology in cancer and discusses the different nanoparticulate drug-delivery systems including quantum dot, iron oxide nanoparticles, gold nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, silica nanoparticles, dendrimer, graphene and polymeric nanoparticles with their applications in therapeutics, diagnostics, and imaging pattern. Further, the recent development and progress of theranostic nanoparticles in the treatment of cancer and toxicity associated with nanoparticles is also covered here.

Keywords: Clinical status of nanoparticles, nanotechnology, nanocarriers, nanotoxicity, quantum dot, iron oxide nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes, polymeric nanoparticles, Cancer research, physicochemical properties

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Article Details

VOLUME: 9
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2012
Page: [319 - 329]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/157016312803305898
Price: $65

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