Suicide in Latin America
Pp. 185-200 (16)
Jorge Tellez-Vargas and Jorge Forero Vargas
Suicide rates in Latin America are lower than in other regions of the world. The suicide
behaviour is known starting with the pre Colombian culture and right now it is associated with specific
factors such as poverty, violence and displacement.
The suicide rates are increasing in countries such Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, México,
Nicaragua, Paraguay y Uruguay as especially among teenagers and old people.
With the exception of Mexico, suicides are more frequent in men and the well known method is the
The few epidemiological studies have identified as factors of risk in family background, the presence of
depressive and anxiety disorders, the abuse of psychoactive substances and alcohol, family dysfunction
and school abuse (buying).
In some countries in Latin América there are programs of suicide prevention than consist in the
epidemiological surveillance early detection of mental pathologies, psycho education and family
attendance, nevertheless in countries with higher signs of poverty, suicide is not considered as a public
Suicide, latin america, teenagers, elderly, risk factors, prevention.
Universidad El Bosque. IASP Colombia National Representative. Associate Secretary Treasurer World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry. Bogota, Colombia