Suicide: A Global Perspective

Indexed in: Scopus, EBSCO.

In the year 2000, approximately one million people died from suicide: a "global" mortality rate of 16 per 100,000, or one death every 40 seconds. In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased ...
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Suicide in Asia-II

Pp. 159-167 (9)

T. Maniam

Abstract

Asia accounts for more than half of all suicides in the world. Suicide rates in Asia vary vastly across the continent. Most suicides occur in China, India and Japan contributing more than 300,000 fatalities every year – about 40% of all suicides in the world. Countries in West Asia including the Middle East report very low rates, whereas countries such as Japan and Korea report much higher rates of suicide. These rates seem to have increased since the Asian Economic crisis that began in 1997 and has not abated since. A major problem with the study of suicide in Asia is, apart from a number of exceptions, the relative paucity of accurate suicide statistics. A few countries provide reliable data but the majority do not, and some provide none at all.

While hanging is the most popular method of committing suicide in most countries the use of pesticides is of particular concern in Asia, especially in rural areas. Suicide prevention programs are strongly supported by the government in a few countries and are non-existent in some others. Socio-cultural and political factors contribute to this state of affairs.

Keywords:

Epidemiology, Asia, suicide, prevention.

Affiliation:

Department of Psychiatry, UKM Medical Centre, National University of Malaysia, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia