Economic Crises and Suicide
Pp. 30-39 (10)
Marco Innamorati, Maurizio Pompili, David Lester, Bijou Yang, Mario Amore, Cristina Di Vittorio and Paolo Girardi
As a result of the strong link between mental illness and suicide, the diagnosis and treatment
of psychiatric disorders have been always considered a first-choice strategy in the prevention of suicide.
However, prevention may take advantage from the study of other factors that may help to explain
inequalities in the suicide rates between countries and fluctuations over time. The aim of the present
chapter is to review empirical research which has investigated the impact of economic crises and
recession on suicide. To this goal we performed careful MedLine and PsycINFO searches from 1980 to
2010. Our analysis of the literature indicates that there is no strong evidence that a recession in the
economy is a causal factor for suicide.
Suicide, economic crisis, risk factors.
Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Functions, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant'Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy