Everything Coming Out of Nothing vs. A Finite, Open and Contingent Universe

Indexed in: EBSCO, Scopus

Stephen Hawking, present occupant of the Lucasian Chair at Cambridge University, is today one of the best known theoretical cosmologists in the world. His important contributions, in collaboration ...
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The True Pioneers of Modern Physics

Pp. 80-89 (10)

Julio A. Gonzalo


Lord Rayleigh comments on crude views about nature at the 54th Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. Many first rate scientists, true pioneers of physics, chemistry, astronomy etc. have opposed materialism and philosophical relativism. Both religion and science can claim objectivity if there is a world independent of human thought. Planck and Einstein affirm it unmistakably. Historically there have been some outstanding scientists leaning to agnosticism or materialism, like Mach, Poincaré and Bohr, but they are rather exceptions to the general rule.


First rate pioneers of physics, first rate pioneers of chemistry, first rate pioneers of astronomy, objectivity of the world as viewed by Planck and Einstein, scientists leaning to agnosticism and materialism.


Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid